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As a result of colonization by Spain, Japan, and America, “Colonial Mentality” is an internalized attitude by ethnic or cultural inferiority felt throughout Filipinos.
A country of opposites, prostitutes keep shrines to the Virgin Mary. Based on Jessica Hagedorn’s Burning Heart: A Portrait of the Philippines.
Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, is heavily regarded for his important writings that helped ignite a national revolution against the Spanish ruling.
“Amnesia” is a portrayal of the duality of forgetting and forgiving; and how one can’t have the other when it comes to the notion of decolonization found in Ninotchka Rosca’s State of War.
An interpretation of the post-colonial consciousness that consists of hatred, love, and suffering in Nick Joaquin’s The Woman Who Had Two Navels.
Carlos Bulosan is a Filipino-American novelist known for representing the heroic struggles and sacrifices of the Filipino community as a colonized and an emergent national agency in world history.
An interpretation of N.V.M. Gonzalez’s short story Bread of Salt, reflecting snippets of Filipino life and the mindset instilled by colonization. One of which is wanting for what you can’t have.
“The blanket of my ancestors will never wear out” — Igorot